Drug Abuse

What Is Substance Use Disorder?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual defines “substance use disorder” as the use of alcohol and/or drugs causing clinically and functionally significant impairment, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school or home.

Substance use disorder is common, recurrent, and often serious, but they are treatable and many people do recover. Like all diseases, Substance use disorder requires the right care. It affects people from all communities and all age groups.

Commonly Abused Drugs In Minnesota

People Admitted


In 2010, 2,191 people entered treatment and were admitted to treatment for cocaine abuse. This figure is down from 4,816 people admitted for treatment in 2007.

People Admitted


The number of people addicted to prescription drugs combined with the curtailment of prescription drugs on the street has created an upsurge in heroin use. Heroin is a cheaper and a more readily available substitute for prescription drugs, especially opiates. In 2010, 2,350 individuals entered Minnesota treatment facilities for heroin addiction treatment.

People Admitted


Marijuana was the most commonly abused drug among those people who entered drug and alcohol treatment in 2010.  That same year, 9,543 people were admitted to treatment for marijuana addiction. 76.7 % of all those admitted for marijuana addiction treatment were males. The numbers of people who have entered drug rehabs for marijuana has risen slightly since 2000.

People Admitted


The number of people needing treatment for methamphetamine and amphetamines continues to increase though there are some variables. The overall increase is alarming. Starting in 2003, 1,022 people entered drug treatment for amphetamine addiction. Four years later during 2007, the number had jumped to 7,159 people admitted to treatment for substance abuse.

People Admitted

Other Opiates

From 2004 to 2010 the number of people who entered treatment for opiate addiction other than heroin rose from 1,363 to 4,580. This is part of a national trend that all states are experiencing. The largest age group seeking treatment for other opiates was among the 21-25 year olds.

Legal Impact Of Drug Crimes


Hustling in the drug scene isn’t as fabulous as you might think. Not many people realize the consequences far outweigh the risks. Let’s break it down for you in Minnesota, where if you’re convicted of possessing illegal drugs, your penalty for the crime will fall into one of five different degrees, categorized by what and how much you’re possessing. Each has a legal consequence, which doesn’t include the ripple effect your choice makes on the lives of those around you.

Looking At The First Three Degrees, This Is How It Breaks Down:



Third-degree possession is any of the following:

over 10 grams of most narcotics, 3+ grams of heroin, and more than 10 kilos of marijuana.
You can be penalized with up to 20 years in prison and 250 thousand dollars worth of fines.


Second-degree possession is broken down as:

25+ grams of cocaine or meth, over 50 grams of most other narcotics, 6+ grams of heroin, more than 100 doses of a hallucinogenic drug, over 25 kilos of end-user marijuana or more than 100 marijuana plants.

Penalties can see you from 3 to 25 years in prison and up to 500 thousand dollars in fines.


First-degree possession looks like:

50+ grams of cocaine or meth, more than 25 grams of heroin, over 50 kilos of marijuana products or 500+ marijuana plants.
If you’re convicted of possessing any of those drugs to that amount, you can face from 4 to 30 years in prison and up to one million dollars in fines.

How you’re penalized depends on multiple factors, but the point is, if you possess illegally, you’re putting yourself, your future and everything you love at risk. It’s not a gamble you want to take.

Talking To Your Children About Drug Abuse


The most powerful and effective tool you have when tackling the topics of drugs and alcohol with your child, is conversation.

Conversing with your child and keeping an open line of honest communication that comes from a place of love, can be the best protection you give them in a world full of pressures, temptations and options.

At preschool age, lay the foundation for a consistent healthy life for your child. Introduce them to daily vitamins and talk with them about how good it is to take care of your body. Discuss dangerous the dangers of certain chemicals and explain to them that they should only take medications that have their name on the bottle.

At elementary ages, your child may be growing in curiosity and attempting more to express their individuality. That’s a good thing! Allow them to pick out their own clothes whenever possible and encourage them to make decisions for themselves. Explain more—discuss things like “just because it’s in the family medicine cabinet, it doesn’t mean it’s meant for you.”

At pre teen ages, your child may be pushing back more against your views as they try and figure out their place in the world. Keep the conversations going. Talk with them about being exposed to drugs and alcohol, even by their friends who could be experimenting. Explain to them that trying just once can cause damage not only to themselves, but also to their dreams of becoming a professional hockey player, teacher, president, chef… Let them know it’s okay for them to tell you anything, and that if they ever need to use you as an excuse to get out of a situation where they’re offered drugs, they should.

For your teen, this is a crucial time for you to be investing in helping them make positive choices when faced with drugs and alcohol. Teens are pretty savvy on this topic and need direct, reality-driven messages from you. As they go in to high school, let them know of the very real pressures they’ll face from peers regarding street drugs, prescription drugs, pot and alcohol. Just because they say no to those things, that doesn’t make them weird because there are others saying no too. Let them know they can still have fun without trying or using. If you find their group of friends’ changes, ask them about it and ask them about who their new friends are. If they come home and it’s clear they’ve been drinking or smoking, keep your response measured and serious, without yelling or exuding too much emotion. Let them know you’re upset because you care and then ask them to tell you about it.

These are just pointers to get you to consider how powerful and effective conversations can be with your child in helping them make wise decisions when confronted with drugs and alcohol. Start early, start now.